Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is caused by compression of the nerve that controls sensation and movement in the hands (median nerve).
The median nerve is responsible for two main functions:
Any pressure on the median nerve can disrupt the nerve signals, affecting your sense of touch and hand movements.
A number of things increase the risk of developing CTS and these include:
The symptoms of CTS tend to develop gradually and usually start off being worse at night or early in the morning.
The three main symptoms are:
These symptoms occur in:
However, the tingling, numbness and pain can sometimes extend outside this area. These symptoms can be present in one or both hands, forearm and upper arm.
Other possible symptoms of CTS include:
If you have CTS, your hand may become weak and you may find it difficult to grip certain objects. Your dexterity, which is the ability to use your hands effectively to carry out certain tasks, is often impaired. You may also find it difficult to use the affected fingers to carry out specific tasks, such as typing or fastening buttons.
Physiotherapy can help you regain the strength and dexterity in your hands whilst chiropractic can help to relieve pressure off the nerve.
* The contents of this condition is for information purposes only.