• A strong, uncontrollable need to carry out a particular activity
  • It is possible to have a genuine addiction to anything
  • Some people are more susceptible than others

Fears and Phobias

  • An overwhelming fear of an object, place, situation, or feeling
  • Can develop during or after a sense of danger
  • Can restrict someone’s day to day life due to fear avoidance


  • Occurs before the age of seven
  • Symptoms can include:
    • Restlessness
    • Short attention spans
    • Impulsive behaviour

Eating disorders

  • An abnormal attitude towards food
  • Can lead onto a behaviour change
  • It can affect anyone at any age

Irritable bowel syndrome

  • Common condition of the digestive system
  • Causes stomach cramps, bloating, diarrhoea and constipation
  • Can be due to stress or due to certain foods


  • Constipation can affects people of all ages
  • Symptoms are a lack of, or difficulty passing bowel movements
  • Can be caused by not eating enough fibre or drinking enough water

Acid Reflux

  • Caused when stomach acid leaks into the oesophagus (gullet)
  • Symptoms are pain/difficulty swallowing and heart burn
  • Can be triggered by certain foods
  • Can also occur before or after food


  • Caused by inflammation of the airways
  • Symptoms are difficulty breathing and shortness of breath
  • There can be certain triggers i.e. exercise, dust, pollen, chest infections etc
  • Can also occur in childhood

Skin Conditions

  • Skin is constantly exposed to the environmental making it vulnerable
  • Can be caused by:
    • Fungal/bacterial infections
    • Allergic reactions
    • Insect bites
  • Most can be easily treated
  • Some can be contagious


  • An adverse reaction to a particular food or substance
  • A trigger to an allergic reaction is called an allergen
  • The most common allergens include:
    • Dust mites
    • Pollen
    • Food such as shellfish

The contents of this website are for information purposes only. The information on this website is not intended to replace the information which is provided by a qualified health care professional.